The Supreme Court ruled on Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association. As predicted, without Scalia, the Justices split 4-4 which is a win for unions in a case they feared. In Friedrichs, the Court was to address whether public employees who did not join a union can be charged an “agency” or “fair share” fee to pay for other costs that the union incurs – for example, for collective bargaining. Public employee unions were nervous, as the Court’s more conservative Justices appeared ready to strike down the fees during the argument in early January. Without Justice Scalia, a loss for the unions was avoided.